အိႏိၵယပညာတတ္ ၊ ပညာရွင္ ၊ အႏုပညာရွင္ေတြရဲ ့ဥာဏ္ႀကီးတဲ့ လႈပ္ရွားမႈ

Ko Kyaw Myo

အိႏိၵယပညာတတ္ ၊ ပညာရွင္ ၊ အႏုပညာရွင္ေတြရဲ ့ဥာဏ္ႀကီးတဲ့ လႈပ္ရွားမႈ

အိႏိၵယရဲ ့အဂၤလိပ္ဘာသာနဲ ့စာေရးၿပီး နာမည္လည္းေက်ာ္တဲ့ စာေရးဆရာမႀကီး နယန္တာရာ ဆာဂယ္ဟာ သူမကို ခ်ီးျမွင့္ထားတဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံရဲ ့အျမင့္ဆံုးစာေပဆု ဆိဟစ္တယအကယ္ဒမီဆုကို မၾကာမီက အစိုးရကို ျပန္အပ္လိုက္တယ္ ။

III

ဘာ့ေၾကာင့္လဲလို ့ဆရာမႀကီးက အေၾကာင္းျပတာကေတာ့ ႏိုင္ငံမွာ ကြဲျပားျခားနားမႈအတြက္ ေန
ရာမရွိေတာ့သေလာက္ျဖစ္လာေနၿပီး လူေတြဟာ လႊမ္းမိုးႀကီးစိုးဆဲ အိုင္ဒီယိုလိုဂ်ီကို သေဘာမတူတဲ့အေၾကာင္းရင္းေလာက္နဲ ့သတ္ျဖတ္ခံလာေနရတယ္ ။ ႏိုင္ငံဟာ ၿပီးခဲ့တဲ့ ၁၅ လအတြင္း ပိုဆိုးရြားလာတယ္လို ့ဆိုခဲ့တယ္ ။

မစၥဆာဂယ္အပါအဝင္ အိႏိၵယရဲ ့နာမည္ေက်ာ္ စာေပပညာရွင္ေတြ ၊ ရုပ္ရွင္ဒါရိုက္တာေတြ ၊ မင္းသားေတြဟာ အခုတေလာမွာ သူတို ့ကို ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္က ခ်ီးျမွင့္ထားခဲ့တဲ့ ဆု တံဆိပ္ ၊ ဂုဏ္ထူးေဆာင္
ဘြဲ ့အသီးသီးကို ျပန္အပ္ေနၾကပါၿပီ ။ ဘာ့ေၾကာင့္လဲဆိုေတာ့ သူတို ့အျမင္က ဟိႏၵဴဘာသာဝင္အမ်ားစုရွိတဲ့ႏိုင္ငံမွာ အမဲသားစားျခင္း ၊
အမဲသားထုတ္လုပ္ျခင္းတို ့ကို ျပည္နယ္ေတာ္ေတာ္မ်ားမ်ားမွာ ဥပေဒျပဳတားျမစ္လာတာ ၊ လူနည္းစု မူစလင္
တစ္ဦးကို မၾကာမီက အမဲသားခိုးစားတယ္ဆိုတဲ့စြဲခ်က္နဲ ့လူအုပ္လိုက္ အိမ္ကိုဝင္ေရာက္ဖ်က္ဆီး သတ္ျဖတ္မႈတစ္ခုျဖစ္ခဲ့တာ ၊ ေနာက္ထပ္ ခရစ္ယန္ေတြအေပၚတိုက္ခိုက္္မႈတခ်ိဳ ့ရွိခဲ့တာ ၊ လူနည္းစုေတြြအေပၚ ခြဲျခားဖိႏွိပ္မႈေတြ မ်ားလာတာေတြဟာ ဒီႏွစ္အတြင္း သတင္း
ေတြမွာ ေတာ္ေတာ္မ်ားမ်ား တက္လာေနခဲ့ၿပီး ဒါကခြဲျခားဖိႏွိပ္မႈျပယုဂ္ျဖစ္တယ္ ယူၾကလို႔ပဲ ။

ဗမာပရိသတ္ေတြႀကိဳက္ၾကတဲ့ အိႏိၵယမင္းသား အမီရာခန္း
ကိုယ္တိုင္ကလည္း quit India ( အိႏိၵယက ထြက္မွပဲ ) ဆိုတဲ့မွတ္ခ်က္ကို မၾကာမီက ထုတ္ေဖၚခဲ့ရတယ္ ။ ဘာ့ေၾကာင့္လဲဆိုေတာ့ ခန္းက သူ ့ဇနီးကိုယ္ႏႈိက္ကိုက ႏုိင္ငံမွာ လူနည္းစုေတြအေနနဲ ့လံုၿခံဳမႈမရွိေတာ့သလို ခံစားရလာလို ့ျဖစ္တယ္လို ့ဆိုပါတယ္ ။ အိႏိၵယမွာ ဝန္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္မိုဒီရဲ ့အမ်ိဳးသားေရးဝါဒီပါတီ ဘီေဂ်ပီအာဏာရလာတဲ့
ေနာက္ပိုင္း ဒီျပသနာေတြျဖစ္လာတာလို ့စြပ္စြဲမႈေတြ အက်ယ္အျပန္ ့ရွိပါတယ္ ။ ႏိုင္ငံတြင္းမွာ ဘာသာေရးအရလူနည္းစုျဖစ္တဲ့ ခရစ္ယန္ ၊ မြတ္စလင္စသျဖင့္ လူနည္းစုေတြဟာ အခု မလံုၿခံဴဘူးျဖစ္ေနတာ တကယ္လား ။ လူနည္းစုေတြဟာ စနစ္တက်နဲ ့ကို ပစ္မွတ္ထားတိုက္ခိုက္ခံေနရ ၊ အပယ္ခံျဖစ္ေနရပါၿပီလား ။ “မတူညီမႈေတြ
ကို သည္းမခံႏိုင္ျခင္းဆိုတာ ဒ႑ာရီ the-myth-of-intolerant လား ၊ တကယ္ျဖစ္ေနတာတဲ့လား ။
ဘာပဲေျပာေျပာ ပညာရွင္ေတြ ၊ ပညာတတ္ေတြဟာ “သည္းမခံႏိုင္မႈ ဆန္ ့က်င္ေရးလႈပ္ရွားမႈ” ကို က်ယ္က်ယ္ျပန္ ့ျပန္ ့
လုပ္ေဆာင္ေနၾကပါၿပီ ။ ဒီလိုနဲ ့အထက္က ဆိုခဲ့သလို ဆရာမႀကီး နယန္တာရာ ဆာဂယ္လိုမ်ိဳူးပဲ ဥာဏ္ႀကီးတဲ့
အိႏိၵယပညာတတ္ေတြ ၊ ပညာသည္ေတြ ၊ ထိပ္တန္းသိပၸံပညာရွင္ေတြဟာ ကိုယ္ရထားတဲ့ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္က ခ်ီးျမွင့္တဲ့ ဘြဲ ့တံဆိပ္ေတြကို ျပန္အပ္ၿပီး
ႏိုင္ငံတြင္း “အျမင္မတူသူမ်ားအေပၚ သည္းမခံႏိုင္မႈေတြ တိုးတက္
လာျခင္း ” ကို(‘climate of intolerance’ …raising intolerance စသျဖင့္သံုးၾက) ကို ကန္ ့ကြက္တဲ့လႈပ္ရွားမႈ ျဖစ္ေပၚလာေတာ့တယ္ ။ သိပ္ေကာင္းတဲ့လႈပ္ရွားမႈျဖစ္ပါတယ္ ။
ပါဝင္သူေတြကလည္း တကယ့္ႏိုင္ငံေက်ာ္
ပုဂၢိဳလ္ေတြျဖစ္ၿပီး စာေရးဆရာေတြထဲမွာဆိုရင္ ဆာလ္မန္ရပ္ရွ္ဒီ ၊ အာရြန္ဒါတီရြိဳင္း တို ့လို ကမၻာေက်ာ္ေတြပါဝင္သလို ၊ ိပံၸပညာရွင္ေတြဆိုရင္လည္း ႏိုင္ငံရဲ ့ထိပ္တန္း
အင္စတီက်ဳဒ္ေတြ ၊ အစိုးရဌာနေတြက ပညာရွင္ႀကီးေတြ ရာနဲ ့ခ်ီပါဝင္
ေၾကျငာခ်က္ထုတ္ ကန္ ့ကြက္ၾကတာျဖစ္တယ္ ။
စာေရးဆရာေတြ လက္မွတ္ထိုးကန္ ့ကြက္ေၾကျငာခ်က္ထုတ္ျပီးေနာက္
ဆက္ထြက္လာခဲ့တဲ့ သိပၸံပညာရွင္ေတြရဲ ့ေၾကျငာခ်က္ထဲမွာလည္း
ဒီလိုေရးထားခဲ့တယ္ ။

“စာေရးဆရာေတြက သူတို ့ကန္ ့ကြက္မႈကို ျပခဲ့ၿပီးပါၿပီ ။ ကၽြႏ္ုပ္တို ့သိပၸံပညာရွင္ေတြကလည္း အခု အသံထြက္ၿပီး ပူးေပါင္းတာျဖစ္တယ္ ။ မိမိတို ့ရဲ ့ဗဟုယဥ္ေက်းမႈ ၊ သိပၸံပညာ ၊ ဆင္ျခင္မႈတို ့ကို ဒီလိုတိုက္ခိုက္တာ ေတြ ျပည္သူေတြက လက္ခံမယ္မဟုတ္ပါ ။ လူေတြကို ဘယ္လိုေန ၊ ဘယ္လိုစား ၊ ဘယ္လိုဝတ္ ၊ဘယ္သူ ့ကိုခ်စ္ရမယ္လို ့ညႊန္ၾကားဖို ့
နည္းလမ္းရွာေနတဲ ့
အျမင္က်ဥ္းေျမာင္းလြန္းလွတဲ့ အိႏိၵယကို က်ဳပ္တို ့ျငင္းပယ္တယ္” လို ့ေဖၚျပထားတယ္ ။

အခ်ဳပ္ဆိုရရင္ေတာ့ ႏိုင္ငံတစ္ခုရဲ ့နယ္ပယ္အသီးသီးမွာရွိတဲ့ ပညာတတ္ ၊ ပညာရွင္ဆိုေတြဟာ မွိန္းလိုက္မေန ၊ အမ်ားႀကိဳက္ ၊ အုပ္စုိးသူႀကိဳက္ကို မလိုက္ဘဲ ဒီမိုကေရစီကို ကာကြယ္တာဟာ ေကာင္းျမတ္တဲ့ကိစၥျဖစ္တယ္ ။ ဗမာျပည္က အႏုပညာရွင္ဆိုသူေတြ အတုယူဖို ့ျပန္လည္တင္ျပေပးလိုက္တာဟာ
ဒီမွာ ရည္ရြယ္ရင္းျဖစ္ပါေၾကာင္း ။
( မွတ္ခ်က္- အိႏိၵယလူဦးေရဟာ ၂၀၁၁ မွာတင္ ၁ ဒသမ ၂၂၁ ဘီလီယံ ျဖစ္ၿပီး ဘာသာေရး
ကိုးကြယ္သူ အခ်ိဳးအစားအရ ဟိႏၵဴ ၇၉ ဒသမ ၉ ရာခိုင္ႏႈန္း ၊ မူစလင္ ၁၄ ဒသမ ၂ ရာခိုင္ႏႈန္း ၊
ခရစ္ယန္ ၂ ဒသမ ၃ ၊ ဆစ္ခ္ ၁ ဒသမ ၇ ၊ ဗုဒၵဘာသာ ၀ ဒသမ ၇ ၊ ဂ်ိန္းဘာသာ ၀ ဒသမ ၄ ရွိပါသတဲ့ ။ ႏႈိင္းယွဥ္စဥ္းစားလို ့ရေအာင္ )

(ပူးတြဲေဖၚျပလိုက္တဲ့ပံုက အင္ဒီးယန္း အိတ္စ္ပရက္စ္သတင္းကျဖစ္ၿပီး ၊
ရုပ္ရွင္ဒါရိုက္တာ ၁၂ ဦးက သူတို ့ရထားတဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ဆုေတြကို ျပန္အပ္တဲ့ပံု
ျဖစ္တယ္ ။)

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3 thoughts on “အိႏိၵယပညာတတ္ ၊ ပညာရွင္ ၊ အႏုပညာရွင္ေတြရဲ ့ဥာဏ္ႀကီးတဲ့ လႈပ္ရွားမႈ

  1. Statement by Artists, Curators and Critics Against Rising Intolerance in India @ http://kafila.org/2015/10/27/statement-against-rising-intolerance-in-india-by-artists-curators-and-critics/
    OCTOBER 27, 2015
    tags: Artists Against Intolerance in India, Ministry of Culture – Govt. of India, Sahitya Akademi Writers Protest
    by Shuddhabrata Sengupta
    Text of a Statement by Artists, Curators and Critics in India against a Climate of Rising Intolerance in India

    (Followed by Names of the 300 + Signatories, in Alphabetical Order)

    The artist community of India stands in firm solidarity with the actions of our writers who have relinquished awards and positions, and spoken up in protest against the alarming rise of intolerance in the country. We condemn and mourn the murders of MM Kalburgi, Narendra Dabholkar and Govind Pansare, rationalists and free thinkers whose voices have been silenced by rightwing dogmatists but whose ‘presence’ must ignite our resistance to the conditions of hate being generated around us.

    We will never forget the battle we fought for our pre-eminent artist M.F. Husain who was hounded out of the country and died in exile. We remember the rightwing invasion and dismantling of freedoms in one of the country’s best known art schools in Baroda. We witness the present government’s appointment of grossly unqualified persons to the FTII Society and its disregard of the ongoing strike by the students of this leading Institute. We see a writer like Perumal Murugan being intimidated into declaring his death as a writer, a matter of dire shame in any society.

    While the Prime Minister of the country has been conspicuously reticent in his response to the recent events, the reactions of BJP ministers in his government reveal their ignorance and prejudice. Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State for Culture, has made abhorrent comments about mob lynching and murder. His remarks suggesting that writers should stop writing to prove their point are alarming – empowered as he is to take policy decisions in the domain of culture. Arun Jaitley, Minister of Finance, Information & Broadcasting, has mocked the actions of our respected writers as a manufactured ‘paper rebellion’. He asks for scrutiny of the political and ideological affiliations of those who are protesting.

    To these and other such provocations there is a clear answer: while the actual affiliations of the protesting writers and artists, scholars and journalists may be many and varied, their individual and collective voices are gaining cumulative strength. It is this that the ruling party will have to reckon with: the protestors’ declared disaffiliation from a government that encourages marauding outfits to enforce a series of regressive commands in this culturally diverse country.

    The scale of social violence and fatal assaults on ordinary citizens (as in Dadri, Uttar Pradesh; Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir; Faridabad, Harayana) is escalating. The contemptuous comments about the religious minorities and Dalits made by those within the government confirm that there is little difference between the RSS-BJP mainstream and supposed ‘fringe’ elements. The perfunctory warnings and regrets issued by ruling party ideologues – to defend the agendas of ‘development’ and ‘governance’ advanced by Mr Narendra Modi – are merely expedient. The Sangh Parivar and its Hindutva forces operating through their goon brigades form the support base of this government; they are all complicit in the attempts to impose conformity of thought, belief and practice.

    The ideology of the ruling party has revealed its contempt for creative and intellectual work; bigotry and censorship will only grow. As in the past, we must challenge the divisive forces through varied forms of appeal and protest, articulation and refusal. Our demand can be nothing less than that the entire range of constitutional rights and freedoms of the citizens of this country – freedom of expression and speech, right to dissent and exert difference in life choices including culture and religion – be ensured.

    A government that does not tolerate difference, that does not safeguard the lives and interests of its marginalized and vulnerable citizens, loses its legitimacy in a democratic polity. We are facing this situation now, already.

    Aastha Chauhan, artist, Delhi

    Aban Raza, artist, Delhi

    Abdul Mabood, Delhi

    Abhilasha Kumari, media professor, Delhi

    Abhimanue V.G., artist, Delhi

    Abhishek Hazra, artist, Bangalore

    Ahmar Raza, scientist, Delhi

    Aishwaryan K, artist, Bengaluru.

    Ajay Desai, artist, Delhi

    Aji V.N., artist, Rotterdam, Netherlands

    Akansha Rastogi, WALA collective, Delhi

    Akshaya Tankha, art historian, University of Toronto, Canada

    Alnoor Mitha, artist, curator, Manchester, UK

    Amar Kanwar, artist and filmmaker, Delhi

    Amrita Gupta Singh, art historian, Mumbai

    Anamika Haksar, theatre director, Mumbai

    Ananya Vajpeyi, CSDS, Delhi

    Anindita Bhattacharya, artist, Delhi

    Anish Ahluwalia, artist and filmmaker

    Anish Kapoor, artist, London

    Anita Dube, artist, Delhi

    Anjolie Ela Menon, artist, Delhi

    Anju Dodiya, artist, Mumbai

    Anjum Singh, artist, Delhi

    Anshuman Dasgupta, art historian, Santiniketan

    Anupam Saikia, Dept. of Fine Arts, University of Hyderabad

    Anupam Singh, artist, Mumbai

    Anuradha Kapur, theatre director, Delhi

    Aradhana Seth, production designer, artist, Goa

    Archana Hande, artist, Mumbai

    Arghya Priya Majumdar, artist, Santiniketan

    Arpana Caur, artist, Delhi

    Arpita Singh, artist, Delhi

    Arshad Hakim, artist, Shiv Nadar University, Greater Noida

    Arshad Hakim, Shiv Nadar University, Greater Noida

    Arshiya Lokhandwala, curator, gallerist, Mumbai

    Arun Kumar H.G., artist, Delhi

    Arunima Choudhury, Kolkata

    Ashim Purkasthaya, artist, Delhi

    Ashis Kumar Das, artist, Mumbai

    Ashrafi S. Bhagat, art historian, Chennai

    Atreyee Gupta, art historian, Berlin

    Atul Bhalla, artist, Shiv Nadar University, Greater Noida

    Atul Dodiya, artist, Mumbai

    Aurora Graldi, PhD Candidate in South Asian Art History, Vienna University

    Avani Batra, Delhi

    Avinash Veeraraghavan, artist, Bangalore

    Ayisha Abraham, artist, Bangalore

    Babitha Lingraj, artist, Bangalore

    Babu Eshwar Prasad, artist and filmmaker, Bangalore

    Balan Nambiar, artist, Bangalore

    Balbir Krishan, artist, Delhi

    Belinder Dhanoa, art critic, Delhi

    Bhagath Singh E.K,artist,Kerala

    Bharathesh G.D., artist, Bangalore

    Bharati Kapadia, artist, Mumbai

    Bharti Kher, artist Delhi

    Bhavani G.S., artist, Bangalore

    Bhavani Shiva, artist, Bangalore

    Biju Jose, artist, Bangalore

    Bina Sarkar Elias, editor & publisher, International Galerie

    C.F. John, artist, Bangalore

    Catherine Asher, art historian, USA

    Chaitanya Sambrani, art historian, Canberra

    Champa Sharath, artist, Bangalore

    Chandrima Bhattacharyya, artist, Bangalore

    Chinar Shah, artist, Bangalore

    Chintan Upadhyay, artist, Delhi/Mumbai

    Chitra Ganesh, artist, New York, USA

    Christopher Pinney, art historian, London, UK

    Cop Shiva, photographer, Bangalore

    Deepa Mahajan, artist, Mumbai/Singapore

    Deepak Ananth, art historian, Paris

    Deepanjana Klein, art historian, New York, USA

    Deepika Sorabjee, curator, Mumbai

    Deeptha Achar, art critic, Baroda

    Dev Benegal, New York, USA

    Devika Daulet-Singh, gallerist, Delhi

    Dhruvi Acharya, artist, Mumbai

    Diana Gomes, artist, Baroda

    Dilip Mitra, artist, Santiniketan

    Dimple Shah, artist, Bangalore

    Dipti Khera, art historian, New York University, USA

    Faiza Hasan, artist, Hyderabad.

    G.S. Gopinath, artist, Bangalore

    Gargi Raina, artist Baroda

    Gauri Gill, photographer, Delhi

    Gayatri Sinha, art critic, Delhi

    Geeta Doctor, writer, Chennai

    Geeta Kapur, art critic, Delhi

    Geetha Mehra, gallerist, Mumbai

    Gieve Patel, artist, Mumbai

    Gigi Scaria, artist, Delhi

    Gopika Chowfla, graphic designer, Delhi

    Gopika Nath, artist-craftsperson and writer, Gurgaon

    Goutam Das, artist, Santiniketan

    Gulammohammed Sheikh, artist, Baroda

    Hans Kaushik, artist, Chennai

    Hema Upadhyay, artist, Mumbai

    Homita Harish Katira, artist, Columbia, SC, USA

    Homita, artist, Mumbai

    Indrapramit Roy, artist, Baroda

    Indu Chandrasekhar, publisher, Delhi

    Ivan Smith, artist, Belper, Derbyshire, UK

    Jahangir Asgar Jani, artist, Mumbai

    Jaideep Mehrotra, artist, Mumbai

    Jaideep Sen, artist, Bangalore

    Jaishri Abichandani, artist, New York, USA

    James Khamliansawma, artist, Aizawl, Mizoram

    Janice Glowski, art historian, Columbus, Ohio, USA

    Jasbeer Singh, artist, Belfast, Northern Ireland

    Jatin Das, artist, Delhi

    Jeetin Rangher, artist, Bangalore

    Jitish Kallat, artist, Mumbai

    Johny M.L., art critic, Delhi

    Justin Ponmany, artist, Mumbai

    Jyotindra Jain, art historian, Delhi

    K.G. Subramanyan, artist, Baroda

    K.P. Reji, artist, Baroda

    K.V. Raghavendra Rao, artist, Bangalore, Vancouver, Canada

    Karishma D’Souza, Panaji, Goa

    Karishma Shah, artist, Surat

    Kathryn Myers, Professor of Art, University of Connecticut, USA

    Kaushik Bhaumik, artist, Delhi

    Kausik Mukhopadhyay, artist, Mumbai

    Kim Kyoungae, artist, Baroda

    Kirtana Thangavelu, art historian, S.N. School, Hyderabad

    Kirti Jain, theatre director, Delhi

    Krishen Khanna, artist, Delhi

    Krishnaraj Chonat, artist, Bangalore

    Kuldeep Singh, artist

    Kumari Ranjeeta, artist , Shiv Nadar University, Greater Noida

    Kunal Kalra, artist, Hyderabad

    L.N. Tallur, artist, Kundapura

    L.N.V. Srinivas, artist, S.N. School, Hyderabad

    Lalitha Gopalan, video scholar, USA

    Lalitha Shankar, artist, Bangalore

    Latika Gupta, art historian, Delhi

    Leela Mayor, artist, Baroda

    Lokesh Khodke, artist, Delhi

    M.K. Raina, theatre director, Delhi

    Madhuban Mitra, artist, Kolkata

    Madhusree Dutta, filmmaker, Mumbai

    Madhusudhanan, artist, Kerala

    Mahesh G., artist, Mysore

    Mahjabin Imam Majumdar, artist, Santiniketan

    Mahula Ghosh, artist, Delhi

    Mala Marwah, artist, Delhi

    Malavika Rajnarayan, artist, Baroda

    Manas Bhattacharya, artist, Kolkata

    Manmohan, writer, Rohtak

    Mansi Bhatt, artist, Mumbai

    Manuela Ciotti, visual anthropologist, Denmark

    Marie Dias Arora, artist, Delhi

    Mary-Louise Totton, art historian, USA

    Meera Devidayal, artist, Mumbai

    Meera Menezes, art critic, Delhi

    Megha Joshi, artist, Delhi

    Meher Pestonji, writer,Mumbai

    Mithu Sen, artist, Delhi

    Molly Emma Aitken, art historian, USA

    Mona Berman, Director, Mona Berman Fine Arts, New Haven, USA

    Moutushi Chakraborty, artist, Kolkata

    Myna Mukherjee, cultural curator, Delhi

    N. Ramachandran, artist, Chennai

    N.N. Rimzon, artist, Thiruvananthapuram

    N.S. Harsha, artist, Mysore

    Nalini Malani, artist, Mumbai

    Naman Ahuja, art historian, JNU, Delhi

    Nanaiah Chettira, artist, Bangalore

    Nanak Ganguly, art critic, Kolkata

    Nancy Adajania, art critic, Mumbai

    Nandesh Shanthi Prakash, artist, Bangalore

    Nataraj Sharma, artist, Baroda

    Natasha Ginwala, curator, Berlin/Ahmedabad

    Naveen Kumar, artist, Bangalore

    Navjot Altaf, artist, Mumbai

    Navroze Contractor, photographer, Bangalore

    Neelakshi Suryanarayan, University of Delhi, Delhi

    Neelam Man Singh Chowdhry, theatre director, Chandigarh

    Neha Choksi, Mumbai and Los Angeles, USA

    Nibha Sikander, artist, Baroda

    Nihaal Fazal, artist, Bangalore

    Nikhileswar Baruah, artist, Baroda

    Nilanjana S. Roy, writer, Delhi

    Nilima Shiekh, artist, Baroda

    Nirmala Beluka, artist, EFL, Hyderabad

    Niyatee Shinde, art and photography writer, curator, photo-historian, Mumbai

    Noopur Desai, art writer and researcher, Pune

    Oindrilla Maity Surai, curator, Kolkata

    Oli Ghosh, artist, Mumbai.

    Padma Kaimal, art historian, Colgate University, USA

    Parag Tandel, artist, Mumbai

    Paramjit Singh, artist, Delhi

    Parthiv Shah, photographer and designer, Delhi

    Parul Dave Mukherji, art historian, JNU, Delhi

    Parvati Nayar, artist, Chennai

    Paula Sengupta, artist, Kolkata

    Pavan K.J., artist, Mysore

    Payal Arya, artist, Shiv Nadar University, Greater Noida

    Philippe Calia, artist, Mumbai

    Pierre Strauch, Paier College of Art, USA

    Prabhavati Meppayil, artist, Bangalore

    Prajakta Palav Aher, artist, Mumbai.

    Prajakta Potnis, artist, Mumbai

    Pratul Dash, artist, Ghaziabad

    Pratul Dash, artist, Indirapuram, Ghaziabad

    Premalatha Seshadri, artist, Chennai

    Prithpal S Ladi, artist, Shillong

    Priti Paul, gallerist, Delhi

    Priya Ravish Mehra, artist, Delhi

    Priya Sundaravalli, artist, Auroville

    Purushottam Agrawal, writer, Delhi

    Pushpamala N., artist, Bangalore

    Rabindra Patra, artist, Delhi

    Radha Gomaty, Kochi, Kerala

    Ragini Bhow, artist, Bangalore

    Rahul Bhushan, graphic artist, Hyderabad

    Rahul Dev, art critic, Delhi

    Rahul J. Gajjar, artist, Baroda

    Rajan Barrett

    Rakhi Peswani, artist, Bangalore

    Ram Rahman, photographer, Delhi

    Raman Sivakumar, art historian, Santiniketan

    Ramesh Chandra, artist, Bangalore

    Ranbir Kaleka, artist, Delhi

    Ranjit Hoskote, art critic, Mumbai

    Ranjit Kandalgaonkar, artist, Mumbai

    Ranjith Raman, artist, Delhi

    Rashmee Pal Chouteau, artist, Kolkata

    Rashmi Kaleka, artist, Delhi

    Rashmimala Devi, artist, Baroda

    Rasna Bhushan, art critic, Hyderabad

    Rasna Bhushan, art critic, Hyderabad

    Ravikumar Kashi, artist, Bangalore

    Reena Saini Kallat, artist, Mumbai

    Rekha Rodwittiya, artist, Baroda

    Renu Modi, Gallery Espace, Delhi

    Risha Lee, Rubin Museum of Art, New York USA

    Riyas Komu, artist, Mumbai

    Rohini Devasher, artist, Delhi

    Rosalyn Dmello, art critic, Delhi

    Rupa Rani, artist, Delhi

    Rupali Patil, artist, Mumbai

    Rustom Bharucha, writer, Delhi

    Saba Hasan, artist, Delhi

    Sabina Jaitly, artist

    Sabitha T.P., art historian, UK

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    Sadanand Menon, photographer, critic, Chennai

    Sagar S. Naik Mule, artist, Hyderabad

    Sahej Rahal, artist, Mumbai

    Sajitha Madathil, actress, Kochi, Kerala

    Salik Ahmad, Delhi

    Saloni Mathur, art historian, UCLA, Los Angeles, USA

    Samit Das, artist, art historian, Delhi

    Sanchayan Ghosh, artist, Santiniketan

    Sandeep Biswas, photographer, Delhi

    Sandeep Singhal, art collector, Mumbai

    Sanjeev Khandekar, artist, Mumbai

    Santhoshkumar Sakhinala, art historian, Hyderabad

    Saravanan Parasuraman, artist, Chennai

    Sarita Chouhan, Mumbai

    Sasha Altaf, art critic, Mumbai/Miami USA

    Savithri Rajeevan, poet, painter, Baroda

    Shaibani Azam, animator, Delhi

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    Sharan Apparao, gallerist Chennai

    N. Ramachandran, artist, Chennai

    Sharmila Samant, artist, Shiv Nadar University, Greater Noida

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    Shefalee Jain, artist, Ambedkar University Delhi

    Sheila Makhijani, artist, Delhi

    Sherna Dastur, designer, Delhi

    Shilpa Gupta, artist, Mumbai

    Shireen Gandhy, gallerist, Mumbai

    Shivaji.K. Panikkar, art historian, Delhi.

    Shreshta Rit Premnath, artist, New York, USA

    Shubha, writer, Rohtak

    Shubhalakshmi Shukla, art writer, Mumbai

    Shuddhabrata Sengupta, artist, Raqs Media Collective, Delhi

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    Sita Reddy, curator/writer, Hyderabad

    Smitha Cariappa, artist, Bangalore

    Sonal Khullar, art historian, Seattle, USA

    Sonam Chaturvedi, art student, Shiv Nadar University, Greater Noida

    Sonia Jabbar, photographer, filmmaker and graphic designer, Delhi

    Sonia Khurana, artist, Delhi

    Sosa Joseph

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    Srajana Kaikini, curator, research scholar, Bangalore

    Sreshta Rit Premnath, Assistant Professor, Parsons Fine Arts, New York

    Subba Ghosh, artist, Delhi

    Subodh Gupta, artist, Delhi

    Subodh Singh Triparti, art history, sculpture, JNAFAU, Hyderabad

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    Sudhir Patwardhan, artist, Mumbai

    Sudipta Sen, artist, Kolkata

    Sugata Ray, art historian, University of California, Berkeley, USA

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    Suhas Nimbalkar, artist, Pune

    Suman Gopinath, curator, Bangalore

    Sumathi Ramaswamy, historian, visual culture, Duke Univ., USA

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    Sumesh Sharma, curator, Clark House Initiative, Mumbai

    Suneel Sinha,theatre, film & TV worker, Mumbai

    Sunil Kothari, Delhi

    Surekha, artist, Bangalore

    Surendran Nair, artist, Baroda

    Suresh B.V., artist, Baroda

    Suresh Jayaram, art historian, Bangalore

    Susan S. Bean, independent curator, USA

    Swati Khurana, artist ,New York

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    Tanuja Rane, artist, Mumbai

    Tara Sabharwal, artist, Delhi

    Tunty Chauhan,Threshold Art Gallery , Delhi

    Tushar Joag, artist, Shiv Nadar University, Greater Noida

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    Urvi Khanna, Delhi

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    Velu Viswanadhan, artist, Paris/ Chennai

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    Vidya Rao, Music, Delhi

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    Vinod Bhardwaj, art critic, Delhi

    Vishaka Chanchani, art educator, Bangalore

    Viswanadhan, artist, Paris

    Viswanath B.R., artist/cinematographer, Bangalore

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    Yamini Nayar, artist

    Yardena Kurulkar, artist, Mumbai

    Yashodhara Dalmia, art critic, Delhi

    Yashwant Deshmukh, artist, Mumbai

    Yunus Khimani, artist, Jaipur

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  2. Top scientists join protest, slam ‘climate of intolerance’
    Peace disturbed by rash of bigoted acts, attacks on minorities and Dalits. The scientists did not hide the fact that they had been influenced by the writers’ protest.

    Written by Amitabh Sinha | New Delhi | Updated: October 29, 2015
    After protests by writers and artists, over 100 distinguished scientists from some of India’s top institutes issued a statement on Wednesday denouncing the “climate of intolerance” and “a rash of bigoted acts”. The statement — a rare public stand by a community that is reluctant to voice its collective opinion on non-scientific issues — came just a day after two smaller groups of scientists issued separate statements making a similar point. – See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/top-scientists-join-protest-slam-climate-of-intolerance/#sthash.jwNwI1yH.dpuf

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  3. Indian writers return awards in protest against ‘climate of intolerance’
    More than 40 authors have handed back major honours in a stand against ‘vicious assaults’ on cultural diversity@ http://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/oct/14/indian-writers-return-awards-in-protest-against-climate-of-intolerance
    Dozens of Indian writers have returned top national awards in a protest against what they call a “climate of intolerance” in the emerging economic power.

    The campaign, described as an “unprecedented rebellion by the cream of India’s literary talent” in the local Indian Express newspaper, follows a series of incidents of communal violence and attacks on intellectuals since the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won power in a landslide election victory in India last year.

    More than 40 novelists, essayists, playwrights and poets have now given back awards from the country’s most prestigious literary institution, the Sahitya Akademi.

    One of the most prominent is the niece of Nehru, journalist and author Nayantara Sahgal, who claimed that “India’s culture of diversity and debate is now under vicious assault”.

    The row took on an international dimension earlier this week when Salman Rushdie weighed in, telling a local television network that the failure of prime minister Narendra Modi and others to act was allowing a new “degree of thuggish violence” in India.

    On Tuesday, 80-year-old novelist Dalip Kaur Tiwana said she was returning her Padma Shri, one of the most important national decorations, which she won in 2004.

    Tiwana, from the northwestern state of Punjab, said she was acting out of solidarity with those “protesting against the increasing communalisation of our society”.

    The two incidents that have most angered the writers are the lynching of a Muslim labourer last month, and the murder of a rationalist thinker in August.

    In the first, a mob in the village of Bisara on the outskirts of Delhi, the capital, believed their victim had eaten beef and beat him to death outside his home. Cows are sacred in Hinduism.

    In the second incident, Malleshappa Kalburgi, an award-winning scholar whose frequent criticism of what he saw as superstition and false beliefs had angered Hindu extremists, was gunned down in the southern state of Karnataka.

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    “To kill those who stand for truth and justice puts us to shame in the eyes of the world and God,” Tiwana said.

    The authors, who write in English as well as regional languages, have called on the Sahitya Akademi, which was established nearly 60 years ago by India’s independence leader and prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, to publicly condemn the murder of Kalburgi.

    The upsurges of sectarian tension in recent years have often coincided with elections. Currently, voting is underway in a key state-level election in the east of India.

    Some analysts say rightwing groups allied to the BJP are pushing to see how far they can go under the Modi government.

    Samir Saran, of the Observer Research Foundation, said that “louder and more rabid rightwing groups” in India felt emboldened by the mandate won by Narendra Modi, leader of the BJP, in last year’s poll and believed they now had more freedom of action.

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    Rushdie said: “What has crept into Indian life now is a degree of thuggish violence which is new. And it seems to be given permission by the silence of official bodies, the silence of the Sahitya Akademi … by the silence of the prime minister’s office.”

    However, Saran said said the greater scrutiny and reporting of such incidents following Modi’s victory obscured how such incidents had happened under previous governments led by the centre-left Congress party too.

    “It is definitely getting greater prominence now,” he said.

    On Wednesday Modi spoke about the lynching last month, as well as the cancellation of a Pakistani Muslim musician’s concert in the commercial capital of Mumbai following threats from a rightwing group. The prime minister called the incidents “unfortunate” but said his government was not to blame.

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    Senior BJP officials have dismissed the writers’ protests, accusing them of being politically motivated.

    “If they say they are unable to write, let them stop writing,” Mahesh Sharma, India’s minister for culture, told reporters.

    However, he also condemned the murders of Kalburgi and Mohammed Akhlaq, the labourer lynched by the mob last month.

    The sectarian violence has had a significant impact on India’s image overseas and could undermine Modi’s drive to attract investors.

    In one case earlier this year, a critically acclaimed Indian novelist announced his “death” as a creative artist following threats and protests by rightwing Hindu and caste groups prompted by his book about a woman’s efforts to get pregnant with a stranger through a religious ritual.

    Perumal Murugan said he planned to stop writing and asked his publishers to withdraw all his works of fiction from sale.

    In February last year, religious conservatives forced the removal from sale of a book on Hinduism by the US academic Wendy Doniger, claiming it was insulting to the faith.

    An editorial in the Times of India newspaper at the time condemned “the growing power of bullying self-appointed censors” displaying “a Victorian hangover with a Taliban temperament”.

    There is a long history of clashes over culture and effective censorship by parties and leaders from across the political spectrum in India.

    The sale of Rushdie’s 1988 novel The Satanic Verses remains proscribed in India and its author was unable to appear at the Jaipur literary festival in 2012 after Muslim organisations protested.

    Politicians have repeatedly sought to ban or restrict the sale or production of specific books. In 2010, MPs loyal to Sonia Gandhi threatened legal action to stop the sale of a “fictionalised biography” of the Congress party leader.

    “It’s become a question of an individual’s right to speak, to think, to write, to eat, to dress, to debate,” said Maya Krishna Rao, a playwright and actor, who returned her award to the academy this week.

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