1 Burma advanced concept of General Aung San
Race, religion, and language are thus by themselves not primary factors which go to the making of a nation but the historic necessity of having to lead common life together that is the pivotal principle ofnationality and nationalism.
Every student of social and political science knows very well that such slogans as race, religion, language do not alone constitute nationalism. There are one or more races in almost every country. Nowadays, we have different religions being embraced by members of the same nationality.
What then constitutes nationalism?
The main factor is the:
- having to lead together one common life
- sharing joys and sorrows,
- developing common interests
- and one or more common things like racial or linguistic communities,
- fostering common traditions of having been and being one which give us a consciousness of oneness and necessity of that oneness.
“I want to address the Indians and Chinese residing in this country. We have no bitterness, no ill will for them, or for that matter for any race and nationality in the world. If they choose to join us, we will welcome them as our own brethren. The welfare of all people of this country irrespective of race or religion has always been the one purpose that I have set out to fulfill. In fact it is my life’s mission.”
I recognize both the virtues and limitations of pure nationalism, I love its virtues, I don’t allow myself to be blinded by its limitations, though I knew that it is not easy for the great majority of any nation to get over these limitations. In so far as nationalism encourages us to love our people and love others. In so far as nationalism inculcates in us a sense of national and social justice which calls upon us to fight any system that is oppressive or tyrannical both in our country and the world, there I am completely with nationalism.
I believe in the inherent right of a people to revolt against any tyranny that people may have over them. History has amply demonstrated the right of a people to its own freedom, and that once it is denied to them, even in the case of the peoples who belong to the same stock. There is therefore nothing wrong in the aspirations of a nation if it wants to regain the freedom that is its birthright and attempts to have it. Every nation in the world must be free not only externally (i.e., free from any foreign rule) but also internally.
We cannot confine the definition of a nationality to the narrow bounds of race, religion, etc. Nations are extending the rights of their respective communities even to others who may not belong to them except by their mere residence amongst them and their determination to live and be with them. I am glad to know that you regard yourselves as nationals of this country. So far as I am concerned, I am perfectly prepared to embrace you as my own brothers and sisters.
Reverend Sanghas! You have a tremendous role to play. This is the highest politics which you can do for your country and people. Go amongst our people, preach the doctrine of unity and love; carry the message of higher freedom to every nook and corner of the country, freedom to religious worship, freedom to preach and spread the Dharmaanywhere and anytime, freedom from fear, ignorance, superstition, etc., teach our people to rely upon themselves and re-construct themselves materially, spiritually and otherwise. You have these and many more noble tasks before you.
Race, religion, and language are thus by themselves not primary factors which go to the making of a nation but the historic necessity of having to lead common life together that is the pivotal principle of nationality and nationalism.
Nowadays, with the increasing mutual intercourse of nations, there is such a provision in many of the constitutions of the world for naturalization of foreigners. But it is in history that opportunist political leadership taking advantage of the strong national sentiments of the people may try to exploit the nationalism of the people for their selfish individual or group interests. We must be careful of such exploitation of nationalism. For then racial strives and bitterness will be fomented and fostered among us by interested parties in order to divert our attention from the main objective.
Some of us have been going still about the same old way of ‘dirty’ politics. But is politics really ‘dirty’. It is not politics which is dirty, but rather the persons who choose to dirty it are dirty.
Source: Bo Gyoke’s speeches.
Malaysia မွာ အခုေျကြးေက်ာ္ေနသလိုမ်ိုး Satu Malaysia (One Malaysia) ဆိုျပီး လူမ်ိုးေပါင္းစုံ အားလုံးစုျပီး ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံသားဆိုတ့ဲအေပၚမွာအေျခခံတ့ဲ (One Myanmar) တိုင္းျပည္ကို အိပ္မက္မက္ျကည့္မိပါတယ္၊
သူကကခ်င္ ငါကဗမာ ဟိုတစ္ေယာက္ကရွမ္း ဒီဘက္က ကရင္ဆိုတာထက္စာရင္ နိုင္ငံအေပၚမွာ အေျခခံတ့ဲတိုင္းျပည္ဆိုရင္ ဒါကသူ့ေနရာဒါကငါ့ေနရာဆိုတ့ဲ သူနဲ့ငါဆိုတ့ဲ အျမင္ေတြေပ်ာက္သြားျပီး ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံအလံတစ္ခုတည္းေအာက္မွာ တိုင္းျပည္ကိုဝိုင္းျပီးထူေထာင္ျကရင္ က်ေနာ္တို့နိုင္ငံမွာ တိုင္းရင္းသားေတြနဲ့ျဖစ္ေနတ့ဲျပႆနာေတြ ေပ်ာက္ကြယ္ျပီး ဒီတိုင္းျပည္ဟာ ငါတို့တိုင္းျပည္ ေနရာတိုင္းဟာ ငါတို့အားလုံးနဲ့ဆိုင္တယ္၊ ဒီတိုင္းျပည္တိုးတက္ဘို့အတြက္ ငါတို့အားလုံးဝိုင္းလုပ္ရမယ္ဆိုရင္၊
တိုင္းျပည္ရဲ့ဘယ္ေနရာမွာဘဲ ျပႆနာျဖစ္ျဖစ္ ငါတို့ျပႆနာဘဲ ငါတို့အားလုံးဝိုင္းဝန္းေျဖရွင္းျကရမယ္လို့ ခံယူထားျကတယ္ဆိုရင္ က်ေနာ္တို့တိုင္းျပည္ရဲ့အခက္အခဲေတြ အလြယ္တကူေျပလည္နိုင္ျပီး အလွ်င္အျမန္တိုးတက္လိမ့္မယ္လို့ ယုံျကည္မိေျကာင္းပါခင္ဗ်ာ။